Revolution" of 2004-2005 was a series of protests
and political events that took place throughout the
country in response to allegations of massive corruption,
voter intimidation and direct electoral fraud during
the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election.
The protests were prompted by reports from numerous
domestic and foreign observers and the widespread
public perception that the results of the run-off
vote of November 21, 2004 between leading candidates
Viktor Yushchenko and Viktor Yanukovych were rigged
in favor of Yanukovych. The run-off was mandated by
Ukrainian law due to the official results of the presidential
vote held on October 31, 2004, in which no candidate
carried more than 50% of the cast ballots. The winner
of the run-off would become Ukraine's third president
since its 1991 independence following the demise of
the Soviet Union.
The orange ribbon became a symbol of the Ukrainian
Orange Revolution. Ribbons are a common symbol of
a non-violent protest.Orange was adopted by the protesters
as the official color of the movement since it was
the election campaign color of the main opposition
candidate, Viktor Yushchenko. The symbol of solidarity
with Yushchenko's movement in Ukraine was an orange
ribbon or a flag bearing the "???! ??????!"
("Yes! Yushchenko!") slogan. Millions of
Ukrainians demonstrated daily in Kyiv, which was the
center of the revolution where a large 24-hour tent
city was set up by Yushchenko's supporters , and this
action was highlighted by a series of nationwide protests,
sit-ins, and general strikes organized by the opposition.
This was all following the disputed results of the
November 21 run-off election.
Due in large part to the opposition’s efforts,
the results of the original run-off were annulled
and a second run-off election was ordered by Ukraine's
Supreme Court for December 26, 2004. Under intense
international scrutiny, the official results of the
second run-off proved to be virtually problem-free,
legally valid and clearly in Yushchenko's favor. He
was declared the official winner and was inaugurated
into office as the third President of Ukraine on January
23, 2005. The Orange Revolution reached its successful
and peaceful victory.